When Hitler marched into Vienna in 1938, the geographical and interpersonal map of psychoanalysis was changed forever. The Freud family fl ed after the Gestapo repeatedly searched their home, impounded their possessions, looted the Verlag (the psychoanalytic press in Vienna), retained Anna at headquarters for hours, and extorted large sums of money in exchange for safe passage (Friedlander, 2007 ). Along with scores of Central European colleagues, they found both refuge and Melanie Klein’s dominant voice in London, a situation not altogether pleasing to them. Sigmund Freud died less than a year later, and Anna, already a prominent child analyst, took up his standard as heir apparent.