IT has been suggested in the foregoing chapter that the 'rationalisation' of industry along capitalist lines offers no remedy for the present disease of our economic system. It breaks down because, while it might succeed in improving very greatly the efficiency of production, it is doomed to fail hopelessly in solving the problem of distribution. It might succeed in lowering substantially the cost of producing each unit of the national output; but it would only find itself unable to make use of the great new productive power of which it had become the master. For the problem of production cannot be solved unless the problem of distribution is solved with it; and the lowering of the unit cost of production, unaccompanied by a pouring of fresh purchasing power into the pockets of the consumers, will only mean a more determined policy of restricting output, and a widening circle of unemployment.