Anxiety disorders and depressive disorders may not always be readily recognised, but can exert a strong negative impact on school and home life. This chapter focuses on anxiety disorders (generalised anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, separation anxiety disorder, and selective mutism), and on depressive disorders (major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder). The final section summarises provision for curriculum and assessment, pedagogy, resources, therapy and care, organisation, and other matters.