SEELEY, The Expansion of England. E F O R E proceeding to describe events, in the Persian Gulf itself, during the eighteenth century, it is convenient to sum-

marize in the briefest way the history, during that period, of the important surrounding territories, viz. Persia, Oman, and Turkish Iraq. In Persia, the eighteenth century was one of constant change and unrest-it was, in fact, a century of revolutions, which are fully described in a number of works,1 and only the principal events need be stated here.