During your teacher education program, you most likely have learned how to write a lesson plan and develop a unit plan (for a particular curriculum topic). Both of these are essential skills for teaching but they only are part of the work you will do in planning the curriculum. The aspect of teaching emphasized most by the new teachers in our study was program planning – that is, creating an integrated, feasible set of educational experiences for a class across the whole year. Program planning is much more than just planning a lesson or unit. It involves deciding what to emphasize, figuring out how to link topics, and adapting lessons to the needs and abilities of the class. The scope of program planning took many of our teachers by surprise.