Behavioral approaches are founded exactly on the notion that learning theory is helpful in understanding and treating problematic behavior . Wilson (1981, p . 157) famously wrote that behavioral techniques involve “a systematic application of conditioning principles to clinical disorders .” Conditioning is simply another way to say “learning .” Behavioral techniques involve specific procedures for particular problems . Behavioral techniques emphasize doing rather than talking . Consequently, they focus on taking direct action . Westen (1996, p . 631) knowingly commented, “Whoever penned the proverb about the need to get back on the horse as soon as one has fallen off was a latent behavior therapist .”