Editor’s note: This chapter is a summary of the extensive white paper, “A Failure to Serve,” prepared by the National Alliance of Professional Psychology Providers (NAPPP), which is too lengthy to be included in its entirety . It has commanded considerable attention in both medical and psychological circles and addresses the need to restore psychotherapy as the first-line intervention in this era of health reform . The entire white paper on which this chapter is based, complete with references, may be obtained through https://www .nappp .org/White_paper .pdf . This summary chapter is published with the cooperation of the NAPPP .