As the first acid house generation burned out, by 1990 a second, much larger wave of British youth was tuning in, turning on, and freaking out. Although illegal raves had been largely suppressed, a thriving circuit of commercial raves had emerged. At the same time, the relaxation of licensing laws allowed for the growth of all-night rave-style clubs. Rave spread from the original metropolitan cliques in London and Manchester to become a nationwide suburban/ provincial leisure culture.