Ayn al-Qudat HamadanI was one of the most remarkable figures in Islamic intellectual history whose life and thought has been seen mostly only within the "mystical" tradition while less attention has been paid to him as part of the Islamic philosophic tradition. 2 He was born in 492/1098 in the city of Hamadan, then under the rule of the Seljuq Prince Mahmud, and was executed in the same city at the prime age of thirty-three in the year 525 /1131 . Scores of treatises and "letters" have been attributed to him, not all of which are from his pen. Scores of other texts, of which we have no trace, are reported to have been written by Ayn al-Qudat.