ABSTRACT

In the international realm, a great variety of institutions has become interested in the development potential of remittances, and has devised strategies to harness this potential. Thereby remittances have become conceptualised as an instrument to finance development and poverty reduction. Using a genealogical method, this chapter examines the emergence of the GRT in the international realm. The aim is to reveal how the GRT emerged, how it is constituted by a conceptual and institutional apparatus, and what its gender dimensions are. This prepares the grounds for analysing the regulatory and disciplinary power in Chapter 5. The choice of starting the analysis with the international realm is purely analytical and does not imply a top-down approach assuming that the GRT works from the international to the national to the local level. As set out in the previous chapter, the genealogical method is used in this book to analyse the emergence of the conceptual and institutional apparatus of the GRT as a regime of practices. The chapter is divided into six main sections: the next section traces the emergence of the GRT within the international realm through a few milestones, the third and fourth sections dissect the institutional and conceptual apparatuses of the GRT, followed by a gender analysis in the fifth section and a conclusion.