In all treatments, a new version – what Freud (1905) called “a new edition” and what Poland (1992) has termed “an original creation” – of the patient’s early traumas, confl icts, and formative object relationships is inevitably created, without awareness or intent, in the here and now of the analytic dyad. This new treatment version may evolve over long stretches of time, sometimes years, only becoming available for verbal symbolization and refl ective, analytic use at unconsciously determined meaningful junctures in the treatment process. This process takes place in what I have called the treatment’s enacted dimension. Analytic process thus comprises two interwoven dimensions: the more familiar verbally symbolized dimension (free-association, self-refl ection, dream analysis, interpretation, etc.), and the enactively symbolized dimension in which nonverbal communications and unintended actualizations of unconscious and dissociated experience are continuously taking place. These are not dichotomous dimensions or processes, but are inextricably interwoven at all times: the transferencecountertransference matrix is continuously evolving on both the enacted and the verbal levels simultaneously. In the enacted dimension, patients will inevitably induce the analyst into playing a part in, and thereby actualizing, an unconscious object relationship or a dissociated traumatic event. This process is more than projection or projective-identifi cation alone, because it specifi cally includes the involvement of the analyst’s unconscious in its creation.