The preceding nine chapters have provided a graphic demonstration of how developments in telecommunications have enhanced the possibilities for those less honest members of the community to engage in criminal or otherwise deviant conduct. One may confidently assert that the future will see a substantial increase in the number of potential targets and potential perpetrators of digital crime. The capacity of governments, singly or collectively, to control some forms of telecommunications and cyberspace illegality is, and seems destined to remain, limited. The fundamental question, therefore, is in what situations will self-help suffice, and when does the "mobilisation of law" (Black 1973) become appropriate?