I SHOULD LIKE TO BEGIN with a prediction. The salient trait of linguistics, in the first half of the twentieth century, from the standpoint of anthropolgy, has been its quest for autonomy. Its noted accomplishments have been in the analysis of self-contained structure. In the second half of this century, the salient trait will be a quest for integration, and the noted accomplishments will concern the engaging of linguistic structures in social contexts-in short, in the analysis of function.