Particularly since the rise of postmodernism, theory itself has been sharply questioned. Categorizations of all kinds have been under fire. Diagnosing patients is seen as reductionistic pigeonholing. Technique is viewed as mechanistic, stultifying. Theory creates tunnel vision, obscures real ambiguities, oversimplifies (for an extremely interesting discussion of this, see Levenson, 1991). Moreover, theory is subjective, embraced for personal reasons (Friedman, 1988). Theory is the
The original idea for a chapter of this kind was contributed by Paul Stepansky, Ph.D.