Mentoring provides a focused form of enriched education for gifted pupils whose learning needs cannot always be met within the normal school system. The gifted are defined here as those who either demonstrate excep­ tionally high-level performance, whether across a range of endeavours or in a limited field, and those whose potential for this has not yet been seen. This has to be judged in comparison with others of similar age, experience and opportunities. Aptitudes may range across different areas, such as intellectual, artistic, creative and physical abilities, or be limited to one or two (Freeman, 1997a).