ABSTRACT

Mannheim’s connections with Scheler are not so close. His early writings do betray a heavy reliance upon a phenomenological stand­ point which, in some respects at least, brings Mannheim closer to Scheler, but the phenomenology is that of Heidegger and Husserl, rather than Scheler. Of course, Mannheim’s phenomenological posi­ tion is also fused with Dilthey’s hermeneutics as well as Lukacs’ own early amalgam of these two traditions. One may also detect, sometimes very clearly as in ‘Soul and Culture’ , the fascination which Simmel’s theory of cultural alienation had for Mannheim, as indeed it had for the early Lukacs. In another direction, the neo-Kantian philosophy of Rickert and Lask is evident in Mannheim’s doctoral thesis ‘The Struc­ tural Analysis of Epistemology’ (1922, Hungarian original 1918).7