This chapter examines the dawing on a depth of case study work, also explores how countryside management can transform people and places. It discusses approaches and best practice and it considers alternative and innovative ways of delivering projects and services. The report, A Strategy for Countryside Management in Sheffield begins with the following observation: The document then explains the problems of piecemeal and uncoordinated approaches to managing the countryside, and with diverse stakeholders and actors inside and outside the local authority. Although much of the landscape was severely compromised with dereliction and pollution, it retained remarkably species-rich communities unique for the district. The Sheffield case study demonstrates the range of approaches taken to deliver countryside management and associated activities. Thus the chapter is clear that if we wish to trigger the benefits of countryside management, from urban areas to the wider countryside, one have to invest public money through agencies and local government.