In this and the following chapters traumatic situations and their sequelae are examined in the light ofwholist treatment, including the wholist perspective and trauma therapy principles. This chapter examines interventions in traumatic situ­ ations or immediately after their occurrence. The aim of such intervention is enhancement of adaptive responses and prevention of distorted ones which may evolve into later pathology (Foreman, 1994; Raphael eta!., 1996). Later chapters examine ever-increasing gaps from traumatic situations to times of treatment.