China’s quest for foreign technology goes well beyond the modest efforts to supplement indigenous research that most countries pursue as a normal practice. Rather it is part of a deliberate, state-sponsored project to circumvent the costs of research, overcome cultural disadvantages, and “leapfrog” to the forefront by leveraging the creativity of other nations. This fact is evident in policy declarations, in the scale and variety of transfer operations, and in the number of organizations China devotes to foreign technology acquisition.