Black nationalism is not monolithic. Its range includes reformists and revolutionaries, black capitalists and cultural nationalists. Black nationalist ideologies are in opposition to cultural assimilation, and the political and economic hegemony of the dominant western societies. As scholars note, one dominant trend in black nationalism advances a broad-minded program. Proponents of this form of identity politics stress cultural pride and connect the predicament of African Americans to the problems of Africans throughout the world. These radical nationalists advocate building institutions in the black community for social, political, and economic empowerment, and they consistently challenge the dominant society’s attempt to dehumanize people of African origins. They advocate racial consciousness not by denigrating other groups but by stressing the accomplishments of African people. Some nationalists have attacked patriarchy and have tried to build coalitions across race and gender lines in the struggle against economic exploitation, sexism and racism.1