THE earlier lectures in this second course attempt to reconsider the provisional realism of the cosmological first course, and so may help to remove preconceptions that might hinder an equitable discussion of such themes as God's providence and "personality". The celebrated Ontological Argument is a natural bridge between the first course and the second. It was regarded, from Anselm to Descartes and Leibniz, as a straightforward piece of realistic logic. After Kant had refuted the realistic argument, Hegel transformed it into an idealistic assertion, and Hegel's assertion is still accepted in principle by several eminent contemporary or near-contemporary philosopners.