DIVINE providence has the closest possible relations with the theme we discussed in the last lecture. According to many philosophers it is God's providence that marks the essential distinction between a mere deism "evacuated of all moral content" and a moral theism. We distinguish between the theory of a demiurge that plans and schemes on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the conception of a God who, in his planning, cares for that which within the plan is subtler and finer than the rest. We turn our minds towards a deity that, as we think, does not merely order all things but also, as the Book of Wisdom says, "ordereth all things graciously".