With the withdrawal of Yugoslav National Army ( JNA) forces from Croatia, and the international recognition of Croatia and Slovenia in January 1992, there was a brief interlude of relative peace, during which a twin-track policy evolved to address the collapse of the Yugoslav Federation: the deployment of UN troops in Croatia and the ethnic cantonisation of Bosnia-Herzegovina under EC auspices. But, while the international character of the twin-track policy was institutionally underpinned, both ‘tracks’ in fact originated in Belgrade, and were thereafter substantially steered by British politicians and diplomats. The convergent positions of London and Belgrade are reflected in statements by senior politicians in the respective capitals:

. . . The United Kingdom Government, the European Community and the United Nations have a twin-track policy, the first element of which is to encourage the parties to participate in the negotiations under the chairmanship of . . . Lord Carrington. The second track is that we strongly support the deployment of a peace keeping force (in Croatia).2