Remember that research is undertaken to produce new knowledge. The best action research projects are those that lead to a situation where researchers can say that they have generated new knowledge about both practice and learning. In their reports they explain how they are contributing to new practices and new understandings, and they produce evidence from within the data to support their claims. The implications for you are that you need to keep an eye on what kind of data you are gathering and how it will be interpreted so that you can later extract evidence from it. [To note: You can say 'data is' or 'data are'. Both are acceptable. In this book we tend to say 'data is', with occasional uses of 'data are' as seems appropriate.]

This section offers advice, first about monitoring, and second about gathering and interpreting data.