The last chapter documented the substantial feminist mobilisation precipitated by the prospect of institutional reform in states undergoing processes of transitional justice. Institutional reform is identifi ed, arguably more than any other area of transitional justice, as holding genuine transformative potential for women and the human rights of women, as well as for institutionalising recognition and redress for a web of public and private harms against women. In this way, this chapter reveals isolated gender gains in institutional reform. Though the case studies evidence overt commitment to international human rights law as a guiding frame for domestic institutional reform, this overt commitment is often undermined by informal gender constraints that manifest during the implementation phase.