The collapse of the Soviet Union brought monumental changes to the political

world, creating 15 new states. These states were faced with the enormous

challenges of building democratic state institutions at the same time as building

a nation; creating a national economy; and formulating their foreign policy

orientation. However, the changes within each successor state were not

wholesale. Many state institutions were inherited from the Soviet period and

were adapted to the new tasks of independent statehood, while Soviet-era

officials continued to staff these institutions. Therefore, these institutions were

not designed for sovereign, rule-of-law states and were poorly equipped to

manage the wider state transformations.