BOTH SOVEREIGNTY A N D CITIZENSHIP have carried varied significance depend-ing on their disciplinary location and contextual usage. Until the advent of current feminist and critical theory, the focus was on "the nation" defined in terms of its territorial opposition to other nations, or on the individual as an autonomous agent-the Cartesian subject. The assumed independence of the nation-state and/or the individual was not initially problematized. Emphasis was thus laid on the public domain, on formal, legal structures, and on the rights and responsibilities of individuals in relation to them.