ABSTRACT

To celebrate its 100th birthday, a group of children and teachers formed a team to record Chisamoto Elementary School's history. Graduates of the Meiji (1868-1912) generation were interviewed. They recalled the school as a small house in the midst of a farming community. The initial schoolhouse was a little hut, in which there were only two teachers, one of whom lived in the schoolhouse. Children were valuable labor, helping out in the fields, taking care of younger children, and helping with household duties. In the eyes of many families, "real" education took place outside of the school.