In 1991 at the European Community (EC) summit Prime Minister John Major spoke ominously of the "rising tide" of immigrants, warning that "we must not be wide open to all-comers just because Rome, Paris and London are more attractive than Bombay or Algiers" (The Independent, June 29, 1991. London). A week earlier large numbers of Albanians were deported from Italy, and the French government forced illegal migrants to return to North Africa. The Guardian (June 29, 1991: 7) reported that "Britain has so far refused to sign the (Schengen) accord, arguing that there are few gains and only the enhanced risk of encouraging cross-border terrorism, drugs, crime and illegal immigration."