Many shared these sentiments at the end of the Crimean War, where Egypt’s armed forces had played a significant role, and for the first time, had faced large numbers of regulars fielded by a western power.1 Success was partially the result of a veteran leadership who had learned the art of war during the 1830s, but also from the attention and support of Abbas I, a Wali who recognized the army was good insurance against enemies, both foreign and domestic.