Deleuze’s Nietzsche and Philosophy (1962) marks a significant turning-point in French philosophy. Before Deleuze, Nietzsche had received little consideration in France as a serious thinker; by the late 1960s and 1970s, Nietzsche had become a major presence in French thought. Although it would be excessive to attribute this development exclusively to Deleuze, his study of Nietzsche was the first in France to treat him as a systematically coherent philosopher, and Deleuze’s reading of Nietzsche opened up questions that became central in subsequent Nietzschean studies and in French post-structuralism in general.1