In the first Code (issued in 1871) following the great Education Act of 1870 grants were offered for each pupil who passed an examination in not more than two of the specified subjects, and the list of these subjects was enlarged to include (among others) foreign languages and the physical sciences. In 1875 these individual grants were supplemented by grants for "class" subjects, that is, optional subjects which, if undertaken, had to be taught to whole classes and throughout Standards I I -VI .