So, what does the future hold for health promoting schools? A number of key issues relating to the successful development of healthy schools have emerged from Chapters 1-8 and these are summarised in this concluding chapter. They include: ensuring that schools provide stability and structure for young people in a rapidly-changing world and that they are viable settings for promoting the health of young people; the development of skills in citizenship and democracy that form part of a healthy school’s curriculum and prepare young people to participate in their own health promotion; the need for genuine partnerships in promoting health; the importance of a whole-school approach to health; links between healthy and effective schools; and, finally, building capacity and, thereby, sustainability.