ABSTRACT

The establishment of diplomatic relations constitutes one of the most basic acts in inter-state relations. Diplomatic ties are signilicant not only for individual states in particular but also for international relations in general. For a state, diplomatic relations constitute the prime means through which legal personality and legitimacy are registered in international society. States can only play a full role as a member of international society when they receive recognition from other states as a basis for communication with them. Indeed, it has been strongly argued that diplomatic relations serve as evidence of the very existence of an international society.’ Conceived in such a way, diplomatic relations indicate the willingness of members of a society of states to recognise one another’s sovereignty, independence, legal personality and legitimacy together with their judicial equality and other internationally agreed mutual rights and obligations.