ABSTRACT

Chapter 4 analysed the constitution of the culturally-prescribed imperative to have a son. However, the analysis of this ‘mindset’ — as it was commonly referred to — raised two further questions. First, if this cultural pattern is central to explaining why parents feel apprehensive about having daughters and choose not to, then why is the problem rampant now when the cultural features are obviously centuries-old? Second, why is the problem not present in certain villages even though such a cultural feature is prominent there as well? The changes that will be discussed in this chapter are situated within the cultural context where it is considered necessary to have a son.