One of the most treasured and respected of educational maxims is the one which states that the teacher does not have the learner re-invent the wheel. Rather the teacher’s task is to give each student, or have each student memorize, the techniques and methods society has developed-particularly those developed by the various disciplines of knowledge. This knowledge is then used as a base for further exploration and development. This pattern is used from the primary grades through college, with more giving being done in the elementary grades than in college. But in both, “giving” is dominant.