Freud's two views of the ego Freud vacillated between two quite different views of the ego. He used both conceptions intermittently throughout his career; it is by no means clear which represents his final or definitive position, whether he regards them as alternatives, or whether he aimed to replace one with the other. Both are useful in some explanatory contexts but not in others. I will describe them as the realist and the narcissistic views. In outlining each, I will focus on their differences, which will become significant in distinguishing Lacan's position from that of neo-Freudianism, revisionist Freudianism, or egopsychology.