In this chapter, I will give further support for two points found in the literature on Japanese:

The fi rst point is based on the idea that a NQ and its associate NP must observe strict locality, and when a fl oating NQ is allowed to occur, it is because there is a copy of the associated NP that meets the locality requirement. Often this copy occurs precisely where one expects the copy of A-movement to occur, which gives evidence for A-movement. In other words, fl oating NQs are really stranded NQs.