There is no doubt that science has had an enormous impact on modern societies and that the technological applications of scientifi c discoveries have made our lives better. Science has enabled us to understand more and more aspects of our world and given us the ability to manipulate the world to deal with problems with which we are faced. We by and large turn to science for answers to questions about our natural world and increasingly for answers to questions about human behavior. While there are still elements of mythology operative in many cultures, including our own, science has largely replaced the mythological worldview and infl uences how we think about all aspects of our world, as the previous chapters attempted to illustrate. Science is by and large accepted as the way to get at the truth about our world through its rigorous methodologies and selfcorrecting process of inquiry.