I have decided to begin this reinterpretation with a study of democracy: it is indeed the obvious place to begin, since our modern democracy and its philosophies are rooted in Greek ideas and Greek practice. The English tradition of Locke, and even more, the French tradition of Rousseau, were consciously based on Greek models: and among practical politicians-at least before World War I-there were few who did not claim to derive their inspiration from Pericles.