It is widely believed that Freud is to be credited as having “discovered the unconscious.” However, this is mistaken. It would be accurate to applaud him as the brave and brilliant pioneer who did indeed discover a revolutionary method of exposing a particular dimension – indeed, the existentially and spiritually most significant and powerful dimension – of the unconscious that animates all human beings. This dimension consists of that which is repressed from consciousness. The issues and all the distinctions around the notion of the “discovery of the unconscious” are somewhat complex, and in this chapter we will take up the challenge of exploring the clinically pertinent aspects of this topic.