If we look to the future of Jewish thought, it is difficult to doubt that the things that were done in the past and are being done now will continue to be done in the future, since the sources of debate and argument in Judaism do not change much. There are the basic texts, the Bible and the commentaries on it, and their legal offshoots, that will continue to be dealt with and commented on yet more. Changing circumstances will no doubt call for changing perspectives and the vitality of the commentary tradition will respond yet again to new challenges and issues. New thinkers and theories will be employed to analyze traditional issues in the Jewish tradition, as has always happened in the past. So for much Jewish culture it will be business as usual, as it has been for the last few thousand years. The surprising question arises, though, whether Jewish thought will be pursued by Jews and whether there will be Jews to participate in future intellectual debates of any kind.