This chapter attempts to examine the idea of Sinologism in the larger context of contemporary intellectual thought, clarify the interrelations among the key terms of this study: Sinology, Sinologism, Orientalism, postcolonialism, and sinologization, and pave the way for in-depth explorations of conceptual and practical issues central to the proposition of a new theory for critical studies of China knowledge production. The issues to be examined include: how does Sinologism relate to its cognate term “Sinology” and its source of inspiration, Said’s “Orientalism”? In what ways does Sinologism differ from Orientalism? How did the basic differences come about? Is it necessary or scholarly justifiable to propose the conceptual category of Sinologism when we have already at our command the theories of Orientalism and postcolonialism?