The raison d’être for this chapter is to provide a comparative case study analysis in order to unearth significant process equity parameters that are believed to be associated with more equitable outcomes and further outline lessons and parallels for the theory and practice of equitable concepts in water negotiation in general. This chapter also outlines a comprehensive conflict resolution strategy that can transform water negotiation from a non-cooperative to a cooperative state, where riparians in dispute can engender equitable hydro-diplomacy and satisfactory agreements. This approach, which is outlined in detail in this chapter, is referred to as a “transformative approach to conflict resolution.”