ABSTRACT

We cannot live without water. Water is essential for human survival and development. The significance of water as an essential human need has led to the creation of many dramatic and complicated conflicts among different nations throughout human history. Simply stated, nations vie for their fair share of water for different uses, but the intricacy of man-made boundaries and the natural delineation of the concerned parties as upstream or downstream riparians make the issue of international water disputes a formidable and volatile one (Mirumachi, 2007).