Russell's correspondence with Dulles and Khrushchev and his experience with the Pugwash movement had convinced him that these activities, while helping to alert people to the dangers of nuclear war, could not in themselves lead to nuclear disarmament, and that more effective methods, based on massive public protest, were necessary to persuade governments to renounce nuclear diplomacy. He realized that tremendous pressure would be needed to effect that result and hoped therefore to win the support in the first place, of the British public. As president of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament Russell continued to search "to find fresh approaches through which to try and sway public opinion, including governmental opinion."1 Russell believed that "if Britain gave up her part in the nuclear race and even demanded the departure of United States bases from her soil, other nations might follow suit."2