In his statement, U.C. Berkeley Professor Kirk R. Smith provocatively argues that climate change has pressing moral and ethical concerns in addition to economic and environmental ones. As he suggests, climate change essentially involves marginalized and geographically distant communities such as those in Bangladesh or Benin “paying” for the high levels of energy consumption of wealthy consumers in Berlin and Beverly Hills. Moreover, the severity and scope of many of these impacts will shift in time: Some are immediate, whereas others are temporally distant.