ABSTRACT

Before the Protectorate It is necessary to examine briefly the position of the Sultan before the Protectorate. Morocco is an African country and features of African kingship are to be found in the "taboos" which even today surround the King. On formal religious occasions he appears on horseback under a parasol to protect him from direct contact with the sun, and he avoids actual contact with his people by speaking in a low voice words which are relayed by his servants. For much of Morocco he was above all a religious figure in whose name official prayers were recited. The people did not want an efficient administrator but a demigod whose baraka could bring blessings to the country. This concept had become transformed under Islam, but only superficially, and the Sultan became the Khalifa of the Prophet whose blood flowed in his veins.