Shah Wally Allah (1703 - 1762) is undoubtedly one of the greatest leaders of thought produced by Muslim India during the course of its long history. He is considered to be the bridge betweeen the medieval and the modern in the religio-intellectual history of the Muslim subcontinent. His deep impact on the subsequent development of Muslim thought in India (and Pakistan of course) finds its parallel only in the impact left by his great and illustrious contemporary, Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, In the following pages an effort had been made to extract his ideas on state and politics from his voluminous writings.