ABSTRACT

Letchworth was Britain's-and the world's-first Garden City, as defined by Ebenezer Howard in his book, Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform, first published in 1898. Before Letchworth, Chicago had been known as "The Garden City," and Christchurch, founded in 1850 in New Zealand, was also known as that country's Garden City. The New York suburb on Long Island, started in 1869 by Alexander T. Stewart, is named Garden City, and there are now several more villages and towns in the United States bearing that name. However, none of them conforms to Howard's definition of a garden city: a town surrounded by an agricultural green belt, the whole of the land ''being in public ownership or held in trust for the community."